Corporal C.B. Strickland, 41st Ohio Volunteers

Screen Shot 2014-10-23 at 9.22.51 PMCowan’s listing (in part): In August of 1861, after enlisting as a Private at the age of 20, Strickland was mustered into Co. B of the 41st OVI. Initially under the command of Colonel William Babcock Hazen and often referred to as “Hazen’s Brigade” because of the successes it achieved through his leadership, the 41st Ohio was a hard-fighting regiment that saw action at Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Stone’s River, Resaca, Kennesaw Mountain, New Hope Church, the Atlanta Campaign, Franklin, and Nashville. Near the end of his Civil War service, Strickland was promoted Corporal on March 31, 1865, and he was mustered out in November, 1865, at Camp Chase, OH. Following the war, Strickland resided in Bristolville, OH, and records indicate that he was still alive in 1908.

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Source: Cowan’s Auction, November 2013

Partial auction listing:

One of the notable features of the collection is that for much of the war, the correspondence is two way, including Ruger’s letters to his wife and hers back. Ruger was often reticent to relay details on the battles he experienced, assuming both that his wife would read about things in the newspapers and that she would not want to hear the gore. His letters, however, reflect his interests in the politics of the military and his relentless, hard-boiled attitude toward conducting warfare.

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In the first week of November, Ruger was offered command of a Division in 28th Corps in Tennessee under George Thomas unless Sherman and Slocum (who did not want to have him leave their command) could offer him one. Ruger describes his meeting with Sherman: “I gave [Sherman] Gen. Slocum’s letter and remarked that if the two Corps of the Army of the Cumberland the 14th and 20th were to be operated as an army it would place Gen. Williams in command of the 20th Corps and that would give me the Division during the campaign at least. He shook his head and said enough to let me know he had no such intention and directed the order for my transfer to be made out, said that it was not a good plan to ‘stay too long in one hole’ and besides Gen Schofield was very anxious to have me come.” He received command of 2nd Div., 28 Corps, shortly before the Battle of Franklin, where he would earn a lasting reputation.

The correspondence relating to Franklin begins with a no nonsense letter from Schofield on Nov. 28: “I want you to make your position perfectly secure so as to render it impossible for the enemy to effect a crossing at that place. You may retain the guns which you have without horses even at the risk of losing them. If the bridge is not sufficiently burned to render it useless to the enemy complete it tonight under the cover of darkness….” There are five more orders from Nov. 29 and 30 (the day of the battle), beginning with the order for J.D. Cox to march into Franklin and dig in while Ruger covers until all have passed. At 8 a.m. on the 29th, word the order went out “The enemy is coming in force above us,” ordering Ruger to leave a regiment to guard the river. When it was over, Ruger described the Battle of Franklin to his wife: “The attack of the enemy was very strong and determined much the hardest I have seen west a good deal like the attacks of [Stonewall] Jackson. We repulsed the enemy with loss, but as A.J. Smith’s command and other were not up we fell back here where they are for concentration. The force we had was much smaller than the enemy….” The collection also includes a handsome field map of the area along the Duck River, Tenn., and a post-war letter from Gen. Jacob Dolson Cox — who is often credited with saving the center of the line at Franklin (where Ruger was located) — requesting information on the battle to combat critics.

1849-1865; ca 865 items (ca 775 war date).

Source: Cowan’s Auction, June 2009

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Partial auction listingAccording to the 1860 Census, Henry W. Yonce was born about 1843 in Edgefield, South Carolina, making him 18 at the time of his enlistment during the winter of 1861-62. Yonce is listed on the roster of Co. I., 24th South Carolina Infantry, part of the Charleston garrison, before transferring to the Army of Tennessee where it served in States Rights Gist’s Brigade from Chickamauga to Atlanta. Gist and over half the regiment became casualties at Franklin during Hood’s invasion leaving just a handful of 24th South Carolina men to surrender with Johnston in April 1865.

Source: Cowan’s listing, 2008

Screen Shot 2014-10-23 at 10.02.37 PMSpectacular Half Plate Ambrotype of Baxter Jordan, 24th Alabama “Dixie Boys”

Partial auction listing: a clear ambrotype with applied black backing and dark velvet pad. This desirable Southern half plate was consigned directly by a living descendant and identified as Baxter Jordan who served as corporal in Company C., “Dixie Boys,” 24th Alabama Infantry.

Source: Cowan’s Auction

 

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Kraig McNutt is the author and publisher of this blog. He has been blogging on Franklin for over five years and on the Civil War in general since 1995. Email him.

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Summary of the Battle of Franklin

The Battle of Franklin was fought on November 30, 1864 in Franklin, Tennessee; in Williamson County. John Bell Hood's Army of Tennessee (around 33,000 men) faced off with John M. Schofield's Army of the Ohio and the Cumberland (around 30,000 men). Often cited as "the bloodiest five hours" during the American Civil War, the Confederates lost between 6,500 - 7,500 men, with 1,750 dead. The Federals lost around 2,000 - 2,500 men, with just 250 or less killed. Hood lost 30,000 men in just six months (from July 1864 until December 15). The Battle of Franklin was fought mostly at night. Several Confederate Generals were killed, including Patrick Cleburne, and the Rebels also lost 50% of their field commanders. Hood would limp into Nashville two weeks later before suffering his final defeat before retreating to Pulaski in mid December. Hundreds of wounded Confederate soldiers were taken to the John and Carrie McGavock home - Carnton - after the battle. She became known as the Widow of the South. The McGavock's eventually donated two acres to inter the Confederate dead. Almost 1,500 Rebel soldiers are buried in McGavock Confederate Cemetery, just in view of the Carnton house.

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