Category Archives: Stone’s River

Where did Union burials from Franklin go? Can’t be found at STRI

A blog reader needs help with this:

I talked to you a year ago or so. I am still looking for graves from the 2nd Michigan Cav. Buried at Franklin . One thing I have found is a lot of Union Soldiers confirmed as buried in Franklin , many that died at the Battle of Franklin, just never made it to Stone’s River National Cemetery. An Ohio Civil War veterans group tried to find several of Battle of Franklin KIA sometime in the early 1900’s and determined that they were not interred at Stones River even though all the Union Graves in the Franklin Area were supposedly all moved there. They are listed on the Stone’s River register even though there is no grave. But then again out of 6,100 graves at Stone’s River 2,562 are unknown. It appears to me that the re-internments from Franklin to Stone’s River were careless and haphazard, compared to the more meticulous re-interments in the Northern VA and Pa area…. I say that because even those that died before the Battle of Franklin and placed in Identified graves never turned up at Stone’s River. A lot of dead just never made it, or maybe they were just put into wagons without respect to identity and moved to Unknown Graves at Stone’s River…  Maybe that is unfair, because I notice that the confederate cemetery in Franklin also has about 1/3 Unknowns….

Lyle Borton

Lyle Borton <lyle.borton[at]comcast.net>

P.T. Martin was in the 17th TN Infantry and 4th TN Cav, saw action at Franklin

Rev. P.T. Martin, former CSA soldier

The Rev Pinkney T. Martin served in Company F, 17th Tennessee Infantry, enlisting at Camp Harris on August 15, 1861. His initial enlistment was for a period of 12 mos.

Just a few months into his service he was taken prisoner at the Battle of Fishing Creek, KY (same as Mill Springs), on January 19, 1862. Records show he was exchanged and returned to service in August 1862, where he rejoined (see below) the 17th Tennessee.

Martin was present for duty when his regiment saw action at Stone’s River and at Chickamauga. In August 1864 he transferred to Company A, 4th Tennessee Cavalry. The 4th TN Cav saw action at Franklin in Nov 1864.

Martin married a daughter of Matthjew M. Meacham of Garrison and was given a farm on Sneed Rd near Pasquo by his father-in-law. After his wife died, he moved to Franklin on Adams Street and enjoyed preaching around the county (1).

He died in 1929 and is buried in Mt. Hope Cemetery in Franklin, TN.

(1) The Williamson County Historical Society

John Terrill, a slave from Williamson County, served as an escort on staff of Gen Chalmers’ in Civil War

John Terrill, African-American from Williamson County

Terrill, an African-American slave from Williamson County (TN), was an escort on General Chalmer’s staff during the Civil War.

Source:  Williamson County:  Civil War Veterans. The Williamson County Historical Society, 2007: 94.

Presently, it is not known when Terrill began his service on Chalmers’ staff.  The following excerpts from Confederate Military History, vol. IX, p. 244 excerpts some of the service of  Gen Chalmers, therefore, Terrill would have likely seen some of this action, depending when he joined the staff.

Brigadier-General James Ronald Chalmers was born in Halifax county, Virginia, January 11, 1831.

He entered the Confederate army as colonel of the Ninth Mississippi regiment of infantry in 1861.

On February 13, 1862, he became a brigadier-general in the Confederate army, and on April 6th was assigned to the command of the Second brigade of Withers’ division, army of the Mississippi.

He and his command did splendid fighting in the battle of Shiloh.

When Bragg advanced into Kentucky in the summer of 1862 Chalmers’ command was a part of his force, performing its duties with courage and zeal.

In the battle of Murfreesboro he and his men again rendered brilliant service.  In April, 1863, General Chalmers was placed in command of the military district of Mississippi and East Louisiana.

In 1864 he was assigned to the command of the cavalry brigades of Jeffrey Forrest and McCulloch, forming the First division of Forrest’s cavalry.

General Chalmers bore a conspicuous part in the battle of Fort Pillow and in all the brilliant campaigns of Forrest in north Mississippi, west Tennessee and Kentucky, as well as in the Tennessee campaign of Hood.

February 18, 1865, he was put in command of all the Mississippi cavalry in the Confederate service in Mississippi and west Tennessee.

Salt print photograph of CSA Colonel Alexander McKinstry, 32nd Alabama

Salt print photograph of CSA Colonel Alexander McKinstry. The writer has misidentified his regiment as the 23rd when he was actually in the 32nd Alabama Infantry.

An excellent seated pose of Colonel Alexander McKinstry in a Confederate colonel’s uniform with quatrefoil sleeve braid, wearing a sash and sword belt around his waist and holding his high-grade officer’s sword in his lap. His colonel’s kepi lies next to him on a side table.

Alexander McKinstry, originally of the 32nd Alabama Regiment, served as Provost Marshal and a member of the staff of General Braxton Bragg for much of the war. In addition to his duties involving the exchange of prisoners and army discipline, McKinstry was also actively involved with intelligence gathering and espionage activities.

Because of the presence of his photograph in Miss Tarleton’s album, it can be assumed that McKinstry was a close friend of Patrick R. Cleburne, the Irish-born former Arkansas lawyer who became the most admired yet controversial figure in the ill-starred Army of Tennessee. Cleburne was killed in action at the Battle of Franklin, Tennessee on November 30, 1864.

Alexander McKinstry is mentioned a number of times in the Official Records of the War of Rebellion. The 32nd Alabama saw heavy action during the war.

The rendezvous of the regiment was at Mobile, where it was organized in April, 1862. In July it was sent into Tennessee, and received its baptism of fire at Bridgeport, where it crossed the river. It was this regiment that captured Stevenson, Tenn. It was in middle Tennessee under General Forrest, and was overpowered and lost a number of prisoners at Lavergne, October, 1862.

The regiment met severe loss at Murfreesboro and its roll of honor is a long one. It was sent to the relief of Vicksburg, and did valiant work in the trenches at Jackson, where, in repulsing an attack of the enemy without loss, it slaughtered 260 yanks.

It rejoined the army of Tennessee and at Chickamauga suffered severely. During the winter of 1863-64, the regiment was transferred from Adams’ to Clayton’s brigade and consolidated with the Fifty-eighth under Col. Bush. Jones, and took part in the Atlanta campaign; was with Hood in Tennessee, taking part at Franklin, Columbia and Nashville.

Transferred to the district of the Gulf under General Maury, it suffered serious losses during the siege of Spanish Fort and was finally surrendered at Meridian.