111th Ohio Infantry soldier played a key role at Franklin

Isaac R. Sherwood was a resident of Williams County OH when he enlisted as a 26 year-old Newspaper Editor into into “C” Co. OH 14th Infantry in April 1861.

Sherwood 111thOHio


Image courtesy of Historic Foundation of Williamson County

Enlisted on 4/22/1861 as a Private.

On 4/27/1861 he mustered into “C” Co. OH 14th Infantry
He was Mustered Out on 8/15/1861

On 8/20/1862 he mustered into Field & Staff OH 111th Infantry
He was Mustered Out on 6/27/1865 at Salisbury, NC

sherwood 111th OHPromotions:
* 1st Lieut 9/6/1862 (1st Lieut & Adjutant)
* Major 2/1/1863
* Lt Colonel 1/1/1864
* Colonel 9/8/1864
* Brig-General 2/27/1865

Other Information:
born 8/13/1835 in Stanford, Dutchess Co., NY
died 10/15/1925 in Toledo, OH

“The Battle of Franklin, fought Nov.30, 1864, was the most destructive of human life in proportion to the number engaged of any battle in the four years war… at midnight on the battlefield of Franklin, the finger of destiny was lifted pointing the open road to Appomattox.” (Gen. Isaac Sherwood; 111th Ohio Infantry)

Dec 3rd, 1864 letter by 104th Ohio soldier offers grisly detail of Rebel casualties

Nashville, Tenn
Dec 3rd, 1864

There is a mail going out in a few minutes and I must write a few lines to tell you of my safety. You have heard of the fight at Franklin day before yesterday and will be anxious to hear particulars.

I was sent with several others of the Co. after rations about an hour before the charge was made and the fight was almost over before we could get to our works. Tho we started immediately, I tell you, it was a hard battle but our boys stood their ground like heroes, tho a part of the 4th Corps left their works which almost lost the day for us. Our Corps has now, at last, a name which we may be proud of. The enemy’s loss was awful, you can have no idea of it unless you could see the field. The nearest fighting in our Brigade line was directly in front of our Co. We were the left center Co., next to the Colors, and they seemed determined to capture them, but our boys stuck to them. The rebels came up on to our works, some of them jumping clear over them. The ditch in front was piled with dead and wounded and for rods in front, a man could hardly put his foot down without stepping on them. Our loss was comparatively slight, 5 wounded in our Co . . . .

We don’t fear the enemy here. We are well fixed.

Source: (p. 125)

“Burning Rails as We Pleased”: The Civil War Letters of of William Garrigues Bentley, 104th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. McFarland, 2011.

Capt. William F. Kemble, Co. C, 104th Ohio Vol. Inf. artifacts, killed at Franklin

These items are listed for sale in the December 8th, 2012 Heritage Auction.  They belonged to Capt. William F. Kemble, Co. C, 104th Ohio Vol. Infantry.

The auction description says:

 “…breasting the storm of deadly musketry, bursting shell and flying shot…” With his dying breaths he instructed his comrades to be certain to send his sword home to his family. Here is Captain Kemble’s sword and belt, accompanied by a poignant letter from a fellow officer who was by Kemble’s side when he died. The sword is a fine imported non-regulation officer’s sword with rayskin grips and steel hilt bearing a spread-winged eagle over “U. S.” The blade is profusely etched with floral designs, trophies and a large “U.S.” and is in near perfect condition with much luster. The steel scabbard has a smooth, even patina. The sword belt features a heavy M. 1851 officer’s sword belt plate in high relief. The belt itself is sound but the suspensory straps have broken and are detached. Perhaps the most outstanding part of this grouping is the touching letter sent to Kemble’s wife by fellow officer Robert C. Taggart who witnessed Kemble’s mortal wounding and was with him at his death. The letter offers a description of how he was shot and, most importantly that as Taggart was “bending over my expiring friend…the only words he could utter were send my sword to my family and tell them my last thoughts were with them.” The four-page letter continues to mention sending the sword to Mrs. Kemble and inform her that her husband was buried with other members of his regiment “on the north bank of Big Harpeth Creek,” lauding him in the flowery language of Victorian America. One of the most touching groupings Heritage Auctions has ever offered and a sword with exquisite provenance.
Estimate: $8,000 – up.

175th Ohio soldier’s (Patton) descendant shares info about his ancestor with blog readers

Many thanks to Doug Patton who shares the following information about his  great grandfather with our readers.

My great grandfather, James Patton, fought in the Battle of Franklin. He was born in 1828, near Lexington in Clark County, Kentucky. His father died with he was a boy, and his mother brought him and an older sister to Highland County, Ohio, about 100 miles to the northeast, in the late 1830s. He went back to Kentucky, where most of his family continued to live, to teach for a year or two, but then returned permanently to Highland County. There he married Ruth Sinclair in 1852. They had eleven children between 1853 and 1872, of whom seven lived to be adults. A son, born in 1843, was named William Tecumseh Sherman Patton, which would seem to indicate the admiration my great grandfather must have had for the Union general.

James Patton was a member of the Society of Friends, or Quakers. The Friends were conflicted about whether it was better to adhere to their creed’s anti-war philosophy or its anti-slavery one. In James Patton’s case, the anti-slavery stance apparently won out. He joined the army on September 6, 1864, when he was 36 years old, already the father of six children He was assigned to Company C of the 175th Ohio Volunteer Infantry (OVI) with the rank of Private. His enlistment may also have been encouraged by the $100 bounty (about $1400 in 2012 dollars) the government was giving for new enlistments, as well as alarm about the raid of Confederate cavalry commander John Hunt Morgan, whose raiders caused considerable damage in southern Ohio in July 1863. At one point the raiders passed through Sardinia, Ohio, which is only about 25 miles south of the Patton’s home in New Vienna, Ohio.

As a green, newly recruited group, the 175th OVI was not sent to the front, but was engaged in rear guard activities such as garrison duty and protecting the railroad bridges and depots of the Tennessee and Alabama Railroad from Rebel sabotage. Scattered up and down the railroad lines near Columbia, they were in no position to oppose the unexpected advance of John Bell Hood’s invading army. They retreated luckily and haphazardly to Franklin, Tennessee, where the Union army entrenched and made a stand on November 30, 1864.