This map of the battlefield (on an interpretative marker on the Eastern Flank) is very helpful for one to orient oneself to the Battle of Franklin. There is so much to appreciate from studying this map. Here are a list of questions any good student of the Battle of Franklin would know, or at least want to know. The map below can answer each question.
- How far east-west was the Confederate Army spread out while positioned at Winstead Hill?
- Once the CSA Army got to the main Union earthworks, centered at the Cotton Gin, how far east-west was the army spread out then? Why is this important?
- What are the three main arteries the CSA Army traversed to get to ground zero (i.e., the Carter grounds)?
- What were the primary obstacles (i.e., man-made and natural) that the Union Army used to defend itself?
- What were the ‘high spots’ (natural and man-made) that both sides attempted to leverage?
- How far was Fort Granger and her guns from the McGavock farm? From the CSA Army as it approached the Union defensive main line?
- How does the landscape and important items noted impact the chances of a successful cavalry flanking maneuver by Forrest?
- How and why was the Harpeth River an important advantage to the Union Army?
Both images from interpretative markers on the Eastern Flank
This Wednesday afternoon at 2:30 CST Battle of Franklin preservationists and enthusiasts will gather at the site of the Carter cotton gin site behind the Domino’s to celebrate the official purchase of the Domino’s and strip mall property where the epicenter of the Battle of Franklin was fought.
I’ve blogged on this many times.
Speakers at the ceremony include Civil War Trust President James Lighthizer, Tennessee Transportation Commissioner John Schroer, Caroll Van West co-chairman of the Tennessee Sesquicentennial Commission, Franklin’s Charge member Julian Bibb and Battle of Franklin Trust Historian Eric Jacobson.
This Google map below shows the strip mall area in relation to the original troop placements.
Capt. William F. Gibson, Co I, 8th Arkansas Infantry
A descendant of William F. Gibson sent me this picture of the Arkansas Confederate who served in Govan’s Brigade, Cleburne’s Division while at Franklin. The 8th Arkansas Infantry fought near the Cotton Gin.
According to family records and post-war accounts, Gibson was carrying the colors of the 8th Arkansas when the Confederate assault upon the Cotton Gin took place. He was shot through the face with a ball, and in the stomach. Lying on the field, and bleeding to death, a Union soldier noticed the wounded Confederate and was apparently going to finish him off when another Union soldier noticed Gibson was wearing a Masonic pin [see pic of an 1863 Masonic pin]. Despite being enemies on the field their Masonic fraternity rose beyond the blood of the battlefield.
The nearly fatally wounded Gibson was allowed to be carried to a local resident’s home, the Cummins’ – whose house was used as a civilian post-battle hospital. A local resident named Laura attended to Gibson and saved his life. Mrs. Lucy Cummins attempted to disguise the Confederate soldier from Arkansas who wanted to escape from Franklin and take his chances of recovering further south.
However, his flight to Columbia took place the same time the Federal Army came back through Franklin in mid December as they were chasing Hood’s whipped Army of Tennessee that had just been decimated at Franklin and Nashville (Dec 15-16, 1864). Gibson was captured and sent to Camp Chase in Ohio as a Union prisoner of war.
Gibson survived the war and moved back to Arkansas where he died in 1907. There is a lot more to this story. Stay tuned.
Update (2/25/16): see my research file on the Gibson story on ScribD
The Cummins’ home