Tod Carter’s pass

The Battle of Franklin Trust recently announced that they acquired the original pass Tod Carter had just before the Battle of Franklin started.

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Tod Carter’s parole pass [Battle of Franklin Trust]

The night before the Battle of Franklin (29th) it is believed that Tod spent the night at his friend’s Green Neeley’s house. This map below shows where the Neeley House was, right next to the Columbia Pike. That means the entire Federal Army would’ve marched right past Tod that night. Surely he would’ve heard that!?  If true, the whole event leaves more questions than it answers.

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Image: Neeley House, Williamson County Historical Society


Regarding Tod’s visit to the Neeley home Jacobson says:

In Capt. Tod Carter of the Confederate States Army: A Biographical Word Portrait by Rosalie Carter, p. 34-36, it states Gen. Smith gave Tod a pass on Nov. 28 allowing him to visit his family. The sketch details how Tod and Sgt. James Cooper, made it from Columbia as far as the home of Green Neely, who owned a home near the northern base of Breezy Hill, by the evening of Nov. 29. However, their journey was interrupted by the arrival of Federal troops. A secondhand story included in the sketch claims Tod somehow made his way to the Carter garden before a family member waved him off because the Federals occupied the house. Because the sketch contains an image of the pass Smith signed, the first part of the story is obviously genuine. However, the latter part, which was related by a former slave to a newspaper correspondent years after the war, is highly questionable. It is improbable that Carter would have been able to get near his family’s property because the area was swarming with enemy soldiers by dawn. If anything, Carter and Cooper were forced to leave Neely’s house to avoid capture by the Yankees and later rejoined their unit.
Jacobson, Eric A. (2013-11-01). For Cause and Country: A Study of the Affair at Spring Hill & the Battle of Franklin (Kindle Locations 5417-5424). O’More Publishing. Kindle Edition.

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