PA soldiers describes action in Franklin, July 1863

Camp Winfield
Franklin, Tennessee,

July 16, 1863,

“…I receieved your kind and most welcome letter…and it gave me much pleasure in hearing that you was in good health and also that when your state was invaded by the notorious rebels that you was so willing to take your musket and defend your state. God Bless the noble sons of Pennsylvania for their noble conduct and bravery which they have shown if every loyal state will do likewise the rebellion will soon be crushed to atoms. We have at last left Murfreesoboro…we are in the 14 army corps which formed the center and McCook was on the right and Crittendon on the left and in this way old Rose moved his Army. Gen. Thomas commands the 14 corps and McCook to 20th and Crittendon the 21st and Gen. Reynolds Division which we are in formed the centre of Gen Thomas Corps and when we got about 17 miles from town our advance was attacked and Col. Wilder with his mounted Brigade was in front and they are all well armed with the Spencer rifle (seven shooters) and they soon repulsed the enemy with heavy loss our loss was about 100 in killed wounded and missing and that of the rebels 100 killed and 400 wounded and missing. Our Brigade did not get in to any engagement and in the night at two oclock our Co. and another had to go on picket and we were not relieved until 8 oclock in the morning this being the 25th and as soon as day light we saw the rebel pickets on the hill in front of us and skirmishing soon commenced…there was but one man hurt in our Regt he was wounded in the thigh but not serious and on the 25th the rebels fell back on Tullahoma…we started for Tullahoma and it was reported that old Bragg was there with a heavy force and on the 1st of July we marched in to Tullahoma unmolested the rebels were all gone excepta a few stragglers that were behind and I suppose they stayed there for the purpose of being taken, they all seemed to be glad they were taken…”

Source: Live Auctioneers online

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