White Oak, No Ca
January 9, 1865
My Dear Son
We have just received the sad fate of your poor Brother and our dear beloved Son, he was killed at Franklin Tennessee on the 30. November We felt anxious all the time about him ever since that dreadful Battle, but it had been so long since, we had hoped he had entirely escaped, but I feared him to hear from. The Adjutant of his regiment Mr. Willingham wrote to your Father. He was buried in Columbia Tenn with Gen Cleburne & Gen Granberry but taken up afterwards to Ashwood the Episcopal burying ground he was
January the 10. 65
intered with Military honors. I suppose he was killed instantly he said there was nothing found on his body it was robbed he had his horse saddle bridle blankets it is hard rendering to relate but thought You would like to hear the last of Your poor Brother We have no more of the particulars God have mercy on his poor Soul I trust he is with his God singing praises to him, ever more done with all this horrible Warfare resting in everlasting peace with his God not ours Gods will be done but I would give anything on earth had I it to have him back Sound in body & mind, he was a noble man refined in all his manners, loved by all who knew him never had an enemy an affectionate and dutiful Son I have prayed night and day for our noble Sons to be Spared to us & come through this cruel War without blemish
You are the last Son of our little flock & I pray God he will let You remain with us to Comfort & cheer us in the evening of our days. You are the only one we have now to look to and for our welfare and happiness do for heavens sake take care of Yourself, Your Fathers health is not very good & he is so undecided what course to persue, he speaks of going through the country to Georgia to see after our home whether he can go back and make a crop this Year or not he has rented a house in Spartanburg but does not want to go there I believe to live. He could not rent land enough for his hands to work there and I don’t think we can live here in security & contentment. Our furniture has arrived at last in Spartanburg & I will go down with your Father on tomorrow or next day to see after it. We would be so happy to see You, and You must come Soon.
Your Grand Mother is in tolerable health Your Father sends much love to You says take care of Yourself. I pray God may ever be merciful to You and Shield You from all harm restore You to us in perfect health & safety
Your Mother E. C. Young
Do write often we have not received a letter from you since your arrival in Carolina I have written several times.
Your Mother E. C. Young
[Etowah Valley Historical Society – Cartersville, Georgia]
Word cloud based on the letter:
Col. Robert B. Young – Age 31 upon appointment to Maj. of (Nelson’s Regiment) 10th Texas Volunteer Infantry, at Virginia Point, Galveston, Texas, on October 21, 1861, By Brig. Gen. P. O. Hebert. He was born in Spartanburg, South Carolina, in 1828, and he was listed on the 1860 Texas Census as a “Stock Raiser,” residing at Waco, McLennan County, Texas. He was the grandson of William Young, who was a Pvt. in the Revolutionary War, that rose to the rank of Capt. in the Continental Cavalry. His family migrated to Bartow County, Georgia, in 1837. Robert attended the local school at Cartersville, Georgia, and is supposed to have graduated from Georgia Military Institute; although his name is not on the alumni list. He then commanded the 338 Battalion of Georgia Militia for Cass County. Robert married Josephine Wortham at Walton County, Georgia, on January 12, 1853.
Maj. Young was detailed on Court Marital Duty, from January to February 1862. On September 24, 1862, he was promoted to Lt. Col. at Ft. Hindman, Arkansas Post, Arkansas.
Lt. Col. Young was captured at Arkansas Post, Arkansas, on January 11, 1863, then arrived at Camp Chase Prison, Columbus, Ohio, on January 30th. He was paroled from prison for exchange on April 10, 1863; then was sent to Ft. Delaware, Maryland, arriving there on April 12th. Lt. Col. Young was exchanged at City Point, Virginia, on April 29th. According to his parole certificate, he stood 5’10” tall with blue eyes, auburn hair and a dark complexion.
Lt. Col. Young was absent sick at Cartersville, Georgia, from June to November 1863, recuperating with his family. On the December 1863 Rolls, Col. Roger Q. Mills wrote, “Lt Col RB Young was present and in Command of the Regt when it was mustered. I was absent. He was ordered before the signing of the roll to the Trans Miss. Dept. I therefore sign them – Knowing the roll is correct.” Col. Young returned to the 10th Texas Infantry Regiment in the early part of May, bringing with him several of officers that had been separated by the consolidation of the 6th, 10th & 15th Texas Regiments.
Lt. Col. Young took Command of the Brigade on the 2nd day of the Battle of Atlanta, when Brig. Gen. Smith and Col. Mills were wounded. Col. Young was restored to the command of the 10th Texas Infantry, when Brig. Gen. Granbury returned to the Brigade around the early part of August 1864.
Col. Young was killed in action at the battle of Franklin, Tennessee, on November 30, 1864, while leading his regiment to the enemy’s works.
Lt. Leonard H Mangum, Aide to Maj. Gen. Cleburne, wrote in the Kennesaw Gazette,Kennesaw, Georgia, on June 15, 1887: “Coffins were procured for the three bodies of Gen’s. Cleburne and Granberry [Ed: Granbury] and Col. Young of the tenth Texas regiment, and they were transported to Columbia for interment. During the succeeding night they lay in the parlor of Mrs. Mary R. Polk… The next day the funeral rites were performed by Right Rev. Bishop Quintard, and the bodies were placed in the cemetery beside General Strahl and Lieutenant Marsh, of General Strahl’s staff. It was afterwards discovered that these gallant men were buried in that part of the cemetery known as the potter’s field, where criminals and the lower classes were interred. General Lucius Polk, brother to Bishop, afterward General, Leonidas Polk, then offered a lot in the family cemetery of the Polk family, Ashwood, six miles south of Columbia. At the request of Bishop Quintard, who was a warm personal friend of General Strahl and Lieutenant Marsh, these two were disinterred with the others, and in five graves, side by side, the gallant soldiers were laid to rest in that beautiful spot. Beautiful indeed it is, so much so as to attract the admiration and attention of every passer-by.” Since then Gen. Cleburne’s remains were sent for burial to his home in Helena, Arkansas; and Gen. Granbury’s remains were sent to Granbury, Texas, named in his honor in 1866. Col. Young is still resting at Ashwood Cemetery, Columbia, Tennessee.