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The members of the Sons of Union Veterans of the Civil War, and guests, attended a Dedication Ceremony on June 21st at Rest Haven Cemetery in Franklin, Tennessee. The ceremony was conducted by SUVCW Fort Donelson Camp # 62, honoring Union Civil War officers: Brig. Gen. James P. Brownlow (1st TN Cav.,) and Lt. Col. George Grummond (14th MI Infantry). G.A.R. flag holders and American flags were placed on their graves.

Sam Gant is pictured (center) reading.

Col. (Brev. Brig. Gen.) James P. Brownlow, 1st Tenn. Cav., U.S.
Col. Brownlow commanded the 1st Tenn. Cav., U.S., in a Sept. 1864 skirmish against a division of Wheeler’s cavalry commanded by Brig. Gen. John H. Kelly. In this cavalry clash, about 5 miles south of Franklin, Tennessee, Gen. Kelly was mortally wounded and Col. Brownlow was “shot through the body,” but he recovered. Brownlow received his brevet Brigadier General commission in April 1865 and served as Adjutant General, State of Tennessee, under his father, Gov. “Parson” W.G. Brownlow.

Following the War, Gen. Brownlow lived in Franklin, Tennessee, where he was held in high regard by the community. At his death, a proclamation stated, in part, “He came to us during the war a stranger and an enemy, holding the rank of Colonel in the Federal army. Even while occupying this relation he won the admiration of our soldiers for his valor, and the kindness and justice to non-combatants. He was thoroughly imbued with the courage and chivalry of the Tennessean. He lived long enough with us after the war to change our esteem and respect into affection.”

Prominent members of the Franklin community, all Confederate veterans, served as pallbearers escorting Gen. Brownlow’s body from the depot. He is buried in Rest Haven Cemetery, Franklin, Tennessee.

Lieut. Col. George W. Grummond, 14th Regiment, Michigan Infantry. 2nd Lieut., 18th Regiment, U.S. Infantry
Lieut. Col. Grummond served as Provost Marshal during the Union occupation of Franklin, Tennessee. Later he commanded the 14th MI in the Campaign of the Carolinas. Following his discharge from the 14th MI, he was commissioned a 2nd Lieutenant in the 18th Reg., U.S. Infantry. He was assigned to Fort Phil Kearny, WY. On Dec. 21, 1866, under the command of Capt. Fetterman, Grummond led a cavalry attack against the warriors of Red Cloud. The entire detachment was killed in what became known as the “Fetterman Massacre.” Grummond’s widow, Frances Courtney Grummond had her husband’s frozen body shipped back to her hometown, Franklin, to be buried in Rest Haven Cemetery.

Following today’s memorial service for the nearly 1,500 Confederate soldiers buried at McGavock Cemetery in Franklin, many people walked over near the Carnton gift shop to hear Carnton historian – Eric Jacobson – lead a brief ceremony to unveil the new historical marker placed on the ground where thousands of Loring’s men – mostly Mississippians walked across on the early evening of November 30, 1864 to face the near impenetrable Union left flank.

Jacobson, author of For Cause and for Country, detailed the tragic events of that Indian summer day in Franklin (November 30, 1864) and how Loring’s men would suffer nearly 30% casualties that day.

There are more Mississippi Confederate soldiers buried at McGavock than soldiers from any other Southern state. The only Confederate state that did not participate at the Battle of Franklin was the state of Virginia.

Hundreds of the Mississippi boys faced torid fire from Hoosier boys of the 120th, 63rd and 128th Indiana regiments (Stiles’s brigade) on 30 November 1864.

Defense of the Eastern Union flank at Franklin

The marker cost about $800 to erect. It is a fitting tribute to the sacrifice and memory of thousands of Confederate soldiers who fought under Gen. Loring that fateful day in Middle Tennessee.

    The final man bearing the flag of the 15th Mississippi was shot as he reached the top of the Yankee parapet and then pulled inside. Both he and the flag were captured. Lt. Thaddeus O. Donoghue of the 14th Mississippi was killed near the guns of the 6th Ohio Battery. Col. Michael Farrell of the 15th Mississippi was horribly wounded in both legs and lost his left to amputation. Farrell, a popular officer, did not have a single living relative nor did he have any money or own any property before enlisting. Those who knew him admired him and said he fought for ‘principle and constitutional liberty.’ Col. Farrell’s injuries eventually led to his death on Christmas Day.

For Cause and for Country, Jacobson, p. 362.

Confederate reenactor Robert Brooks read the poem - The Same Canteen – by Civil War poet-soldier Miles O’Reilly, during the 2008 McGavock Cemetery memorial service.

Here are the words to the poem.

    There are bonds of all sorts in this world of ours,
    Fetters of friendship and ties of flowers,
    And true lover’s knots, I ween;
    The girl and the boy are bound by a kiss,
    But there’s never a bond, old friend, like this,
    We have drank from the same Canteen!It was sometimes water, and sometimes milk,
    And sometimes apple-jack “fine as silk;”
    But whatever the tipple has been
    We shared it together in bane or bliss,
    And I warm to you, friend, when I think of this,
    We drank from the same Canteen!

    The rich and great sit down to dine,
    They quaff to each other in sparkling wine,
    From glasses of crystal and green;
    But I guess in their golden potations they miss
    The warmth of regard to be found in this,
    We drank from the same Canteen!

    We have shared our blankets and tents together,
    And have marched and fought in all kinds of weather,
    And hungry and full we have been;
    Had days of battle and days of rest,
    But this memory I cling to and love the best,
    We drank from the same Canteen!

    For when wounded I lay on the center slope,
    With my blood flowing fast and so little hope
    Upon which my faint spirit could lean;
    Oh! then I remember you crawled to my side,
    And bleeding so fast it seemed both must have died,
    We drank from the same Canteen!

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Pvt. Miles O’Reilly

As Mr. Brooks read the poem the reenactors in attendance all drank from the same canteen.

Scores of people came out to the McGavock Confederate Cemetery at the Carnton plantation in Franklin, Tennessee, Sunday June 1st at 2 p.m., to commemorate the service and sacrifice that some 1,500 Confederate soldiers made on November 30, 1864, during the Battle of Franklin. This is an annual event hosted by The Daughters of the Confederacy. Boy Scouts Troop #137 serves the event by placing flags near every headstone.

Fourteen Confederate reenactor soldiers (the 46th Tennessean Color Guard ) attended and gave a 21-gun salute to the nearly 1,500 Confederate-dead soldiers who are buried at McGavock. The 46th Tennessee Infantry was also specially honored.

The service was well-attended with probably nearly 75 people in attendance.

Outgoing Director of the Carter House, Thomas Cartwright, was the key-note speaker. He cited from memory several letters and accounts of soldiers who fought and died at Franklin. Cartwright cited the bravery and sacrifice of such men as Colonel Michael Farrell from 15th Mississippi.

Jim Drury, was the lone pipe musician, with the TN Scots Pipe Band. Drury ; the reenactors into the cemetery to begin the service with overcast skies and he walked singularly down the 14 feet path of the cemetery to end the service playing the well-known hymn Amazing Grace.

Many more pictures of the event can be found here.

Reporting for The Franklin Civil War Roundtable; Kraig McNutt.

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Kraig McNutt is the author and publisher of this blog. He has been blogging on Franklin for over five years and on the Civil War in general since 1995. Email him.

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Summary of the Battle of Franklin

The Battle of Franklin was fought on November 30, 1864 in Franklin, Tennessee; in Williamson County. John Bell Hood's Army of Tennessee (around 33,000 men) faced off with John M. Schofield's Army of the Ohio and the Cumberland (around 30,000 men). Often cited as "the bloodiest five hours" during the American Civil War, the Confederates lost between 6,500 - 7,500 men, with 1,750 dead. The Federals lost around 2,000 - 2,500 men, with just 250 or less killed. Hood lost 30,000 men in just six months (from July 1864 until December 15). The Battle of Franklin was fought mostly at night. Several Confederate Generals were killed, including Patrick Cleburne, and the Rebels also lost 50% of their field commanders. Hood would limp into Nashville two weeks later before suffering his final defeat before retreating to Pulaski in mid December. Hundreds of wounded Confederate soldiers were taken to the John and Carrie McGavock home - Carnton - after the battle. She became known as the Widow of the South. The McGavock's eventually donated two acres to inter the Confederate dead. Almost 1,500 Rebel soldiers are buried in McGavock Confederate Cemetery, just in view of the Carnton house.

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