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When the War broke out he raised a company and became Colonel of the 17th Mississippi Infantry. He served in the Army of Virginia in this capacity in 1861 and 1862. For gallantry in the Battle of Leesburg he was promoted to Brigadier General on March 4, 1862. He was at 1st and 2nd Manassas, Leesburg, Seven Days, Lee’s campaign into Maryland, the capture of Harper’s Ferry, First Battle of Fredericksburg before being transferred to his brigade to Vicksburg in January 1863. He headed the expedition to meet Porter’s gunboats on Deer Creek, fought at Baker’s Creek, and Jackson, MS. He participated in the Battle of Franklin, and covered Hood’s retreat from Nashville. He fought at Reseca, Ga. In 1864, and surrendered with Johnston in North Carolina, where he was paroled at Greensboro with the rest of the Army.

“Reminiscences of the Boys in Grey 1861-1865″ (Texas) by Mamie Yeary, 1912 (FHL film 1,000,598 item 1; pages 202-204, in alphabetic order by surname)
Forward: In offering to the public these “Confederate Reminiscences” my only apology is to place in permanent form, and in the very words of the participants, as far as practicable, the personal experiences of the “men behind the guns,” the “boys in the line,” … Many interesting papers, too lengthy for the scope of this work, have been abridged to contain the most important parts. … While editing the data so kindly sent me, I have entered fully into each skirmish, battle, march and campaign. …

Green C. Duncan, Wharton [Wharton Co.], TX; was born Oct. 10, 1841, near Bloomfield [Nelson Co.], KY. Enlisted in the Confederate Army in September, 1861, at Memphis [Shelby Co.], TN, as First Sergeant in Co. A, Marsh Walker’s 41st TN Infantry; Frank Ragsdale first Captain and Marsh Walker, first Colonel. In September, 1862, the company was transferred to the 8th KY Inf., and made Co. K, Buford’s Brigade, Loring’s Division. In the spring of 1864 the brigade was mounted and transferred to N.R. Forrest’s command as Lyon’s Brigade and placed in Buford’s Division. We served under Forrest the remainder of the war. Was never wounded, but had five horses shot; two killed and three wounded; all under me except one. I had just dismounted from him and was standing by his side when shot. On April 8, 1862, the brigade, with others, was surrendered by Gen. McCowan at Tiptonville, TN, near Island No. 10. I was promoted to 2nd Lieutenant and afterwards to First Lieutenant, which was my rank at the close of the war. Was in the battles of …; Hood’s retreat to TN River, from there to Selma, AL, March, 1865.

The following is not a complete copy of Marshall E. Adcock’s
Pension application but rather an extraction of information given
in his application. There is more info about how he was captured
when he was having trouble keeping up and was caught on the
north side of Duck River without a bridge (it had been destroyed)
and several more statements about his ailments.

Information extracted from
M. E. Adcock’s Conf. Pension #6304 (Dekalb Co. TN)

The Confederate Records show that M. E. Adcock
Private Co. A 16th TN Inf CSA was enlisted May 18, 1861 on the Co. muster
roll dated April 30 1864(Last on File) he is reported present.

The Union Records who that one M. E. Adcock(also borne as Marshall E. Adcock)
Private 16th TN Inf CSA deserted Dec 18

Marshall States
” I was in the Battle of Franklin & Nashville and on Hood’s retreat was
captured at Columbia or near there. Was sick and carried to hospital at
Nashville. One of my neighbors Tim Adcock was at Nashville with a wagon
and I was permited to come home with him. Was sick and unable to services
of labor til long after close of the war.


* Web page

E.P. Hudson of Greenville (R.F.D. No. 2), S.C. wishes to learn of any Confederates who may have nursed his father, P.W. Hudson of Company F, 16th South Carolina Regiment, who, on Hood’s retreat from Nashville, was left at Pulaski, Tenn. and died on February 12, 1865, in the hands of the Federal army.

- a notice in an issue of the Confederate Veteran

Name:  Cotton, John Smith
DOB:  April 25, 1825     DOD:  August 1907     Age at Enlistment:  36
Date of Enlistment:  November 21, 1862     Place of Enlistment:  Murfreesboro, TN
Rank at Enlistment:  Private     Rank at Discharge:  Private

Causality (KIA, WIA, Captured):  Captured on Hood’s Retreat from Nashville.

Comments:  Was a conscript that was brought into service at Murfreesboro.  Was detached as a nurse in Rome, GA in 1863.  Sent back to the Company in 1864.  He was captured on Hood’s Retreat from Nashville.

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Kraig McNutt is the author and publisher of this blog. He has been blogging on Franklin for over five years and on the Civil War in general since 1995. Email him.

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Summary of the Battle of Franklin

The Battle of Franklin was fought on November 30, 1864 in Franklin, Tennessee; in Williamson County. John Bell Hood's Army of Tennessee (around 33,000 men) faced off with John M. Schofield's Army of the Ohio and the Cumberland (around 30,000 men). Often cited as "the bloodiest five hours" during the American Civil War, the Confederates lost between 6,500 - 7,500 men, with 1,750 dead. The Federals lost around 2,000 - 2,500 men, with just 250 or less killed. Hood lost 30,000 men in just six months (from July 1864 until December 15). The Battle of Franklin was fought mostly at night. Several Confederate Generals were killed, including Patrick Cleburne, and the Rebels also lost 50% of their field commanders. Hood would limp into Nashville two weeks later before suffering his final defeat before retreating to Pulaski in mid December. Hundreds of wounded Confederate soldiers were taken to the John and Carrie McGavock home - Carnton - after the battle. She became known as the Widow of the South. The McGavock's eventually donated two acres to inter the Confederate dead. Almost 1,500 Rebel soldiers are buried in McGavock Confederate Cemetery, just in view of the Carnton house.

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