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The Tennessean reports today that Rest Haven and the Franklin City Cemetery will both soon be on the list of the National Register of Historic Places.

Rest Haven is where Franklin’s unknown Civil War soldier is buried.  I blogged about that burial ceremony much in 2009. I’ve also blogged on Rest Haven many times over the years. I have taken lots of photos of Rest Haven too, those pictures are easily accessible here.

Rest Haven, about seven acres, is nearly four times as large as the City Cemetery. The earliest recorded burial in Rest Haven is 1842.  There hadn’t been a burial since 1969 there until the unknown Civil War soldier was interred there in 2009.

A satellite map of Rest Haven is below.  The main street on the left is Old Hillsboro Road.

Why is National Register status important? The HRHP web site says the following about the “results” of being listed on the Historic Register:

In addition to honorific recognition, listing in the National Register has the following results for historic properties:

  • Consideration in planning for Federal, Federally licensed, and Federally assisted projects: — Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 requires that Federal agencies allow the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation an opportunity to comment on all projects affecting historic properties either listed in or determined eligible for listing in the National Register. The Advisory Council oversees and ensures the consideration of historic properties in the Federal Planning process.
  • Eligibility for certain tax provisions — Owners of properties listed in the National Register may be eligible for a 20% investment tax credit for the certified rehabilitation of income-producing certified historic structures such as commercial, industrial, or rental residential buildings. This credit can be combined with a straight-line depreciation period of 27.5 years for residential property and 31.5 years for nonresidential property for the depreciable basis of the rehabilitated building reduced by the amount of the tax credit claimed. Federal tax deductions are also available for charitable contributions for conservation purposes of partial interests in historically important land areas or structures.
  • Consideration of historic values in the decision to issue a surface mining permit where coal is located in accordance with the Surface Mining Control Act of 1977; and
  • Qualification for Federal grants for historic preservation, when funds are available.
    Owners of private property listed in the National Register are free to maintain, manage, or dispose of their property as they choose provided that no Federal monies are involved.

Tod Carter March 24, 1840 – December 2, 1864

Tod Carter was returning home to his native Tennessee and native Williamson County with the Army of Tennessee in the fall of 1864, with his fellow soldiers in the 20th Tennessee Infantry (C.S.A.).

He was mortally wounded at the Battle of Franklin (30 November 1864) on the very land his father owned. He was carried from the field and died on December 2, 1864 in his own home.

Image credit above: The Williamson County Historical Society

Tod Carter’s grave site at Resthaven Cemetery in Franklin.

William E. Cunningham mustered in as a private, into Company F, 41st TN Infantry on November 4, 1861. Records show that he was eventually promoted to Captain in December 1863.

Like so many of his comrades, he was captured at Fort Donelson and exchanged shortly thereafter. He was a POW at Camp Morton in Indianapolis until his exchange in August.

The 41st Tennessee saw major action in the Western theater during the Civil War, including: Fort Donelson, Holly Springs, Chickamauga, the Atlanta campaign, Franklin and Nashville.  The 41st TN also saw action at Gettysburg.

Cunningham’s record indicates he was likely personally engaged at Franklin and Nashville in late 1864.

At Franklin, the 41st Tennessee served in Strah’ls Brigade alongside the 4th-5th Tennessee, as well as the 19th, 24th, 31st, 33rd, and 38th Tennessee units.

William Eason Cunningham was the son of Rev. A.N. Cunningham, a Presbyterian minister. W.E. Cunningham was one of the original members of the Franklin KKK organization. He is buried at Rest Haven in Franklin.

Elijah Lynch Baugh enlisted on May 9, 1861 into Company D, Feild’s 1st Tennessee Infantry as a private. Like so many of his comrades, he re-enlisted at the end of April in 1862 to serve for two more years (at least).

The 1st Tennessee Infantry (Feild’s) fought in significant engagements in the Eastern and Western theaters. In the Eastern, the 1st served at Seven Pines, and Gettysburg. In the Western theater they fought at Perryville, Chickamauga, Missionary Ridge, Kennesaw Mountain, the Atlanta campaign, Franklin and Nashville.

Baugh’s record indicates he likely saw action at Franklin with the 1st Tennessee. In this battle the 1st was consolidated with the 27th TN and also served with the 4th TN (provisional), 6th-9th TN, 8th, 16th, 26th and 50th TN units (all in Maney’s Brigade) under Gen John C. Carter. This brigade suffered 42 killed at Franklin. The 16th TN suffered the most.

One wonders what Baugh thought of his experience at Franklin compared to Gettysburg?

Image courtesy: The Williamson County Histprical Society

Elijah Lynch Baugh (1841 - 1921)


Image courtesy: The Williamson County Historical Society

Newton Jasper Anglin was just 18 when he enlisted with Company H of the 24th Tennessee Infantry on August 24, 1861. He has quite an interesting record.

He was officially listed as a deserter on 28 June 1862 but his records show that he re-enlisted Dec 1, 1862. The record leaves one to wonder if he really deserted or was he absent for some other reason that his current record does not reflect.

His unit, the 24th Tennessee Infantry, was engaged at Stones River (Dec 31, 1862 through Jan 2nd, 1863). Anglin was listed as wounded and even captured. It appears his leg was amputated from the Stones River wound.

His amputation apparently did not end his military service. He was granted a furlough on Feb 23, 1864, apparently even serving through the spring of 1865.  If Anglin served through the war, he would have likely seen action at the Battle of Franklin and even Nashville.

During the war, the 24th Tennessee Infantry saw action at Stones River, Missionary Ridge, the Atlanta campaign, Franklin and Nashville.

The 24th Tennessee Infantry (CSA) served in Strahl’s Brigade along with the 4th-5th, 19th, 31st, 33rd, 38th and 41st TN at Franklin (Nov 30, 1864).

Anglin's marker at Rest Haven in Franklin

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Kraig McNutt is the author and publisher of this blog. He has been blogging on Franklin for over five years and on the Civil War in general since 1995. Email him.

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Summary of the Battle of Franklin

The Battle of Franklin was fought on November 30, 1864 in Franklin, Tennessee; in Williamson County. John Bell Hood's Army of Tennessee (around 33,000 men) faced off with John M. Schofield's Army of the Ohio and the Cumberland (around 30,000 men). Often cited as "the bloodiest five hours" during the American Civil War, the Confederates lost between 6,500 - 7,500 men, with 1,750 dead. The Federals lost around 2,000 - 2,500 men, with just 250 or less killed. Hood lost 30,000 men in just six months (from July 1864 until December 15). The Battle of Franklin was fought mostly at night. Several Confederate Generals were killed, including Patrick Cleburne, and the Rebels also lost 50% of their field commanders. Hood would limp into Nashville two weeks later before suffering his final defeat before retreating to Pulaski in mid December. Hundreds of wounded Confederate soldiers were taken to the John and Carrie McGavock home - Carnton - after the battle. She became known as the Widow of the South. The McGavock's eventually donated two acres to inter the Confederate dead. Almost 1,500 Rebel soldiers are buried in McGavock Confederate Cemetery, just in view of the Carnton house.

Make sure to check-out the Google Map of the Franklin Civil War Guide.

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